Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: symptoms and treatment of the pathological process

chest pain with osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is a degenerative-dystrophic disease that appears with changes in the intervertebral discs. The onset of pathology is diagnosed with an increase in the load on the intervertebral discs. If symptoms of the disease occur, it is recommended to undergo an examination and a course of treatment.

Causes of pathology

Chest osteochondrosis is a disease, the main cause of which is physical inactivity. The pathological process develops with insufficient load on the muscles. In this case, the load on the intervertebral discs increases, which leads to the development of a pathological process. There are a number of provoking factors that lead to the development of the disease:

  • Bad habits. . . Osteochondrosis of the chest develops in people who smoke or consume alcohol in large quantities.
  • Trauma. . . At risk are people who have a history of trauma to the sternum.
  • Heredity. . . Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine develops in people whose close relatives suffered from pathology.
alcohol and smoking as a cause of breast osteochondrosis

With scoliosis or uneven posture, the development of the pathological process is diagnosed. If a person often experiences stressful situations or nervous overstrain, then this becomes the cause of the disease. The occurrence of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is observed with insufficient mobility of a person.

At risk are people who have sedentary jobs. With frequent high physical exertion, a person develops pathology. Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine appears with the wrong lifestyle of a person or the course of various diseases.

Symptoms of the disease

Thoracic osteochondrosis is characterized by the presence of a large number of symptoms, with the appearance of which it is recommended to start immediate treatment. patients complain of acute pain in the thoracic spine. An increase in pain is diagnosed if a person stays in one position for a long time. Signs of thoracic osteochondrosis in women and men are aggravated if they make sudden movements or lift weights.

In the area of the back and chest, a person has a feeling of squeezing. During the course of the disease, certain parts of the body become numb, which is explained by damage to the nerve roots. Thoracic osteochondrosis is accompanied by the inability to sharply turn the body or sharply raise the arm up. It is impossible to perform manipulations due to the occurrence of sharp pain.

pain in chest osteosondrosis

Symptoms of thoracic osteochondrosis in women and men are manifested in the form of dull pain in the area of the shoulder blades. Against the background of insufficient blood circulation, a decrease in the temperature of the feet is observed. Patients complain of chills and goosebumps. Chest osteochondrosis is accompanied by other diseases, so it is accompanied by additional symptoms. In patients with pathology, intercostal neuralgia is diagnosed.

Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in men and women are accompanied by bloating, constipation, or diarrhea. The disease is accompanied by nausea or heartburn.Patients complain of itching in the feet. . . With pathology, the working capacity of the blood vessels is disrupted, which causes peeling of the skin and brittle nails. Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in women and men are manifested by a lack of oxygen. The reproductive and reproductive systems malfunction during illness.

itching in the foot with thoracic osteochondrosis

Chest osteochondrosis is accompanied by acute paroxysmal prolonged pain. If the disease worsens, then this leads to an increase in the severity of symptoms, which increases the load on the intervertebral discs. With pathology, there are signs of diseases such as pancreatitis, cholecystitis, urolithiasis.

Osteochondrosis of the chest is characterized by severe symptoms, which allows a person to determine it independently. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient must seek help from a specialist.

Diagnosis of pathology

Before treating osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, it is recommended to undergo appropriate diagnostic measures, which will determine the severity of the pathology and prescribe rational treatment for a person. Initially, the patient must be examined by a doctor who will collect anamnesis. At stages 2-3 of the disease, the diagnosis is simplified, which is explained by a noticeable deformation of the skeleton. Anamnesis is taken to exclude or confirm a hereditary predisposition in a person.

Patients are advised to undergo urine and blood tests. If a pathology is suspected, an X-ray should be taken. This diagnostic measure allows you to identify osteophytes and establish their size. With the help of the study, it is possible to determine the height of the contours of the intervertebral discs. The x-ray shows the size and location of the herniated disc. X-rays are used to detect changes in the intervertebral discs.

computer diagnostics of thoracic osteochondrosis

Discography is used to determine the outlines of the nucleus pulposus. This manipulation requires the use of contrast. To diagnose the disease, computed tomography is used in extremely rare cases, since its conduct leads to severe radiation of the patient. Since the symptoms of osteochondrosis are similar to the signs of coronary heart disease, differential diagnosis is carried out using electrocardiography.

Osteochondrosis gop requires the use of a comprehensive diagnosis, which will not only make a diagnosis, but also determine the severity of the pathology.

Disease therapy

Before treating chest osteochondrosis, it is recommended to determine its cause. Therapy of the disease should be aimed at eliminating symptoms and provoking factors. Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine requires the use of medication and manual therapy, as well as physiotherapy exercises.

Drug therapy

If there is an exacerbation of the disease, then the woman or man should adhere to bed rest. It is recommended to take medications that have an antispasmodic effect. Patients are prescribed medications that ensure bone tissue regeneration. The doctor selects drugs in accordance with the severity of the disease and the individual characteristics of the body.

taking pills for chest osteochondrosis

Treatment of chest osteochondrosis requires the use of:

  • Analgesics. . . With the help of drugs, sharp pains in the chest area that limit the normal functioning of the respiratory system are eliminated.
  • Antispasmodic drugs. . . They are taken to eliminate muscle spasms.
  • Vitamins. . . With osteochondrosis in the chest, the use of B vitamins is recommended.
  • Natural medicines. . . Medications are used to keep fluid in the intervertebral discs.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine with medicines is highly effective, provided they are correctly selected. Therefore, it is recommended to entrust this manipulation to the doctor.

Physiotherapy

During the course of the disease, the patient is recommended to do exercises, with the help of which the chest is strengthened. Their selection is carried out by the doctor according to the individual characteristics of the patient and the severity of the course of the disease. Thanks to gymnastics, a complete elimination of painful sensations is carried out. Patients are recommended to perform breathing exercises.

exercises on fitball for chest osteochondrosis

Patients need to do:

  • Planks. . . The duration of the exercise should be at least 1. 5 minutes. The patient should gradually increase the load on the chest.
  • Using the horizontal bar. . . In case of pathology, the patient must hang on a horizontal bar every day. The duration of the manipulation is gradually increasing.
  • Complicated plank. . . The patient should be in the plank position and press the left leg and then the right leg to the chest. Exercise strengthens the joints and relieves tension in the thoracic region.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine with the use of physiotherapy exercises should be carried out in stationary conditions under the supervision of doctors, which will have a positive effect on efficiency.

Manual therapy and massage

During the course of thoracic osteochondrosis, the use of manual therapy is recommended, with the help of which it is possible to eliminate pain in dorsalgia. The action of the massage is aimed at relieving tension in the muscle tissues. Thanks to manual therapy, blood circulation in the human body is stabilized, so the blood is effectively saturated with oxygen.

massage for chest osteochondrosis

If a patient is diagnosed with pectalgia, then the use of manual therapy is allowed only after prior consultation with a doctor.

Massage is an effective procedure that is used to strengthen the intervertebral discs and eliminate hypertonicity of the back muscles. It is recommended to use it in combination with other therapeutic measures, which will ensure a quick recovery of the patient. Manual therapy and massage are auxiliary methods of treating osteochondrosis, with the help of which the patient's condition is improved.

Exacerbation of the disease

With an exacerbation of thoracic osteochondrosis, the patient experiences intense pain that cannot be eliminated with pain medications. Excessive physical exertion and stressful situations often become the cause of the exacerbation of the disease. The onset of a pathological process is diagnosed against the background of hypothermia.

If signs of exacerbation occur, the patient is advised to stay in bed. For relief of symptoms, it is recommended to carry out physiotherapeutic manipulations. If the patient has severe pain, then he is advised to take analgesics and antispasmodics. A person should take positions that do not lead to pain.

pain with exacerbation of chest osteochondrosis

With an exacerbation, the patient is shown to adhere to the rules of a balanced diet. Physiotherapy exercises are highly effective in exacerbating the disease. Exercises should be performed by the patient as carefully as possible so as not to cause pain and discomfort.

An exacerbation of osteochondrosis of the thoracic region requires a comprehensive approach to treatment from the patient, which will quickly relieve symptoms.

Preventive actions

In order to avoid the development of osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, the patient is recommended to carry out its prevention in a timely manner, which consists in following certain rules:

  • The person must be physically active. He is recommended morning jogging in the fresh air, warm-up muscles, a visit to the pool.
  • If the work is associated with a sedentary lifestyle, then it is recommended to take periodic breaks.
  • To ensure the correct position of the spine during sleep, the use of an orthopedic mattress and pillow is recommended.
  • For sedentary work, it is recommended to use a chair that will support your back.
  • thoracic osteochondrosis with sedentary work
  • It is strictly forbidden to lift excessively heavy objects. When carrying loads, do not lift them excessively sharply.
  • When exercising, it is recommended to give due attention to the abdominal muscles.
  • When buying shoes, you need to make sure that they are comfortable and do not bring discomfort.
  • A person must adhere to proper nutrition. The diet is developed on the basis of fruits, vegetables and other foods that include a large amount of vitamins.

When all the rules of prevention are followed, the risk of developing the disease in patients is significantly reduced.

Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is an unpleasant disease that occurs when exposed to a variety of provoking factors. If the patient shows signs of illness, then he should see a doctor. Only a specialist after carrying out diagnostic measures will prescribe an effective treatment. For the treatment of the disease, medications, massage, manual therapy, exercise therapy are used. The choice of treatment methods is carried out by the doctor, depending on the stage of development of the disease.