Arthritis and arthrosis: symptoms, prevention and treatment

At first glance, arthrosis and arthritis are very similar, but these diseases differ significantly. Today we will talk about what the symptoms of these ailments are and what methods of prevention will help prevent the disease.

What is the difference between arthritis and arthrosis?

Both with arthritis and with arthrosis, joint damage occurs, but these are different diseases. If with arthrosis only the joints are affected, then arthritis implies an inflammatory process throughout the body. Inflammation can be caused by an infection, an abnormal immune system, or a metabolic disorder. Therefore, with this disease, not only joints, but also internal organs are often affected: liver, kidneys, heart.

The age group in which diseases are most common also differs: arthritis usually manifests itself before the age of 40, while arthrosis mainly affects the elderly.

arthritis and arthrosis of the knee joint

Symptoms of arthrosis and arthritis

1. Pain

This is one of the main signs of arthrosis and arthritis, but the nature of the pain in these diseases is different. So, with arthrosis, pain manifests itself mainly only during movement and a strong additional load, while it may not be very strong (especially at the first stage of the disease). That is why people often do not attach importance to it, starting the disease. In the second stage, pain manifests itself already with a slight load, and in the third - even at rest. However, it can subside if the person manages to get into a comfortable position.

But in the case of arthritis, the pain at rest does not subside. Night pains are especially characteristic of arthritis - between three and five o'clock in the morning.

2. Crunch

Crunch in arthrosis occurs due to the fact that the cartilaginous layer is destroyed, and bone friction occurs. However, if your joints sometimes crunch, then this is not a reason for panic. The crunch in arthrosis has a specific sound: it is not a light click, but a rough, dry one. The higher the stage, the stronger the crunch in the joint.

3. Decreased mobility and stiffness

With arthrosis, the range of motion in the affected joint decreases. Arthritis is characterized by stiffness throughout the body or in a joint.

4. Deformation

With arthrosis, the appearance of the joint changes, but in this case there is no swelling, as in arthritis. Symptoms of arthritis can include inflammation, swelling, dense nodules, and an increase in temperature at the site of inflammation (it may feel hot to the touch).

deformation of the joints with arthritis and arthrosis

In arthritis, joint inflammation can also be accompanied by:

  • an increase in temperature;
  • psoriasis;
  • inflammation of the eyes (as if there is sand in the eyes);
  • chills or excessive sweating;
  • weakness;
  • discharge from the genitals.

Prevention of arthritis and arthrosis

Moderate physical activity

Any moderate load helps to reduce weight, increase blood circulation, strengthen the muscle corset, which is very important for the prevention of arthrosis and arthritis. However, it is important to be careful here: excessive stress on joints, injuries or improper performance of some exercises, on the contrary, can lead to problems. Therefore, at first, it is necessary to conduct classes with a doctor or instructor. However, for prevention, you can perform the so-called joint gymnastics - it is quite simple and does not require special equipment. Swimming in the pool is also good, since the load on the joints is much less in the water.

Note!

We are talking specifically about the prevention of arthrosis and arthritis. If you have already been diagnosed with one of the diagnoses, then you can practice only after consulting a doctor (and in the acute period, training is completely contraindicated! ) And only under the supervision of a kinesitherapist who will develop an individual training program for you.

Proper nutrition

It is also worth reconsidering your attitude to nutrition. For the prevention of arthrosis and arthritis, it is better to give up red meat and foods with a high fat content. It is good if fish and seafood, vegetables and fruits are present in your diet. Cartilage and gelatin (such as jellied meat) are also good for bones. In addition, doctors recommend increasing your water intake to two to three liters per day.

Give up alcohol. You can start taking vitamins (groups A, D, B) and calcium.

proper nutrition for the prevention of arthritis and arthrosis

Also, prevention of arthrosis and arthritis can be:

  • protection of joints from hypothermia;
  • wearing shoes with comfortable heels using individual orthopedic insoles;
  • exclusion of crossing legs while sitting;
  • weight control;
  • a healthy lifestyle, a regimen of rest and sleep, elimination of stress.

Arthritis and arthrosis treatment

An integrated approach to the treatment of these diseases is important. First of all, the load on the joints is limited. For arthritis, anti-inflammatory drugs (including hormonal ones) are used - ointments, injections. Physical therapy, orthopedic regime, therapeutic diet, physiotherapy are used.

One of the procedures that can be prescribed for the treatment of arthrosis and arthritis is the administration of the patient's own platelet-rich plasma (plasmapheresis). The goal is to make the cartilage in the joint more elastic and resistant to stress, to reduce pain.

The sequence of actions is simple: the patient's blood is taken from a vein into special tubes, processed in a centrifuge, and then injected directly into the joint. After the procedure, the patient should limit physical activity during the day. The introduction of platelets into the joint stimulates the restoration of damaged areas of the cartilage. This procedure is practically painless.